Minecraft is one of the most popular mobile strategy games. You can play the game in various modes including Single Player, Multiplayer, and Co-Op with your friends. Playing Single and with random users on the web is good. But, playing the game with your friends on the personally hosted server takes you to the completely different realm of fun and excitement. In this guide we will learn how to make a minecraft server on Windows PC.
Things You Will Like to Know Before Starting
Setting up a Minecraft server isn’t really difficult. However, each step of the process is important and to understand it, it is recommended that you have some technical knowledge of computers and networking. While the server can be set up on various OS platforms including Windows, Mac and Linux, it has been observed that it works the best on Windows OS. Nevertheless, if you own a Mac or Linux computer, you can give it a shot.
Also note that the process takes some time. So, start only when you can spare 30 minutes to an hour. If you are in hurry, try it in your free time. You don’t want to end up configuring the server badly. It won’t be fun.
You don’t need the top computer specs to install the Minecraft server. But, good specs offer better server performance. Especially if you plan to play the game on the same computer on which you have set up the server, you need decent specs. You will experience significant performance issues with small laptops and notebooks.
We would also recommend you to use a LAN/Wired internet connection instead of wireless. Ethernet connections are capable of handling more users (more load) than wireless ones (unless of course you have a top of the line wireless gadgets and really high speed internet).
Important: You need to have the licensed version of the Minecraft game in order to make a Minecraft server. So, before you proceed, buy a copy from https://minecraft.net or the official app store for your respective device (such as Play Store for Android, App Store for iOS, Microsoft Store for Windows).
No matter the platform from which you buy the game, the license will allow you to create the server.
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INSTALLING MINECRAFT SERVER
Part 1: The Java Part
You need to have the latest version of Java on your computer. Not sure? Visit the official Java website java.com/en/download. Download and then install the latest version from here.
- Now you need to locate the Java directory on your computer. You could find the Java folder at the following path C:\Program Files\Java or C:\ Program Files (x86)\Java
- In the Java folder, open the jre7/bin folder
- Now right click on ‘My Computer’, ‘Computer’ or ‘My PC’ (depending upon the Windows OS version you are using) and select Properties.
- Click on ‘Advanced system settings’ on the left pane
- Click the button ‘Environment Variables’ on the new Windows
- In the section ‘System Variables’ (NOT in ‘User variables for PC) scroll down and select the variable named ‘Path’
- Click the ‘Edit’ button
- Add a semicolon (;) at the end in the ‘Variable value’ field
- Now, you need to add the path of Java directory right after semicolon (;) in the ‘Variable value’ field
- Click ‘Okay’
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Part 2: Minecraft Server Part
After tweaking the Path Environment Variable, we can start the process of server installation. Here are the steps you need to follow:
- Go to the MineCraft download webpage at minecraft.net/download
- Locate the link to download the latest version of the server (it will say something like ‘Download minecraft_server.1.11.2.jar….)
- Click the link and choose the folder where you wish to save the installer folder (save it somewhere easy to find)
- Copy and Paste the minecraft_server file to a new location on your hard disk
- Double click the minecraft_server executable file to run the installer (a small window will pop up on which you can see the progress of server set up. This is an automatic process and any user input is not required. During this process, all the files required for the configuration of server will be saved on the hard disk)
- In case you run into an error or Windows does not execute the installer, you will need to run the file as an administrator. All you need to do is right click the file and click ‘Run as administrator.’ If you are not logged in as an administrator, you will need to enter the administrator password
- Go back to the minecraft_server folder after the installation is complete
- Double click ‘Eula.txt’ file to open it
- Chang the ‘eula=false’ value to ‘eula=true’
- Now right click inside the server folder
- Select ‘New’ and click ‘Text Document’
- Name the new Text file as ‘server_start.bat’
- Open the file and copy and paste the following commands to create the batch file for server:
java -Xms1G -Xmx2G -jar minecraft_server.exe
- -Xms1G is the minimum memory allotted to the server and –Xmx2G is the maximum (1 and 2GB in this case). You can change the server memory allocation as per your needs
- Save the file after making the changes
- Double click the file to run it and to start the server
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Part 3: Finding the IP Address of Your Computer
As you have created a minecraft server, you will want to allow other people to connect to it. In order to do so, you will need to configure the ports. For this, IP address will be required. Here is how you can find it:
- Click Start menu and type in ‘cmd’ in the search box; click ‘Command Prompt’ on the list (or press Windows key + R to open Run menu and type in ‘Cmd’ and press enter)
- Type in ipconfig
- Press Enter key
- Scroll and find your network’s active connection
- Note down the address for IPv4
- Note down the address for Default Gateway as well
This is how to make a minecraft server.